Learn from master retoucher, photographer, educator, and Sony Artisan Jeremy Chan’s color grading workflow. In the article below, Jeremy discusses how and why he uses color when enhancing his photos in Exposure. Altering and intensifying the colors in his images is a major part of his post-processing workflow. Read on for a lesson in color grading in Exposure.
As photographers, color grading is a crucial part of what we do. It’s everywhere in the process of creating images. It includes pivotal creative decisions such as the wardrobe selection, the scene background, and whether or not to incorporate lighting gels for more punch. For this article, let’s focus on post processing, which can make a huge difference in the final look of your photos.
What is Color Grading?
Color grading is the process of altering and enhancing the color an image. It is one of the most important elements of my post processing workflow.
When to use color grading on your images
The color of your photos is the first thing people notice. It doesn’t matter if they are viewing your images on social media or in print. This is your only chance to define the first impression of your work. It’s not found in the perfect skin retouching workflow, or the exposure, or the sharpness of your lens. Editing is when the image can be made to come alive. This is particularly the case when you don’t have as much creative control over the shoot specifics, such as when documenting an event, but it can be used for any type of shooting.
Tips for better color grading
Manipulating color is one way to set the photo’s mood. There are several tools in Exposure that make this process easy. I can apply a color cast to the entire image using the Color Filter feature. I can adjust the applied color density and I can dial it in to find the perfect shade. When using Color Filters, a useful tool is the Preserve Brightness checkbox, which keeps the applied color filter from affecting the image’s exposure.
Another way to add coloring effects to your images in Exposure is by using the overlays. The texture overlays have organic character, which can give an analog feel to the shot. Also, incorporating a subtle texture into the added colors will help them blend with the original image.
When adding color grading to your photos, first stop and think about your end goal for the image. Imagine how to mix what’s captured in the original image. Below are a few suggestions about how to incorporate color theory into your grading workflow:
All colors play a role in the theory of mixing colors and the visual effects of specific color combinations.
- Black: mysterious, fear, unknown, usually with a negative connotation.
- White: light, goodness, innocence, purity, success.
- Yellow: Conflicting associations. It could mean positivity, clarity, energy, optimism, and joy, but it can also be used to emote cowardice and deceit.
- Orange: enthusiasm, happiness, creativity, attraction, success, and encouragement.
Complementary colors are those placed opposite of the color wheel. They are colors that cancel each other’s hue to produce an achromatic (black, white, and grey) light mixture. When using complementary colors, adjacent tones will appear dynamic and brighter to the eye. For example, red-purple is the complement of yellow-green, and orange-red is the complement of blue-green. This has practical applications, such as the traditional orange coloring of life vests because of the sharp contrast of it to the color of the ocean. Learn which colors accent each other by studying the color wheel.
So what does this mean? It means that color combinations can be especially dynamic when used together, because they strengthen each other’s intensity. For example, a tiny bit of orange really pops in a blue (and vice versa) because your eye wants to see that color. I find Exposure’s Split Toning feature useful for this. I can apply two simultaneous color overlays to the image, but only in the tones I designate. For example, I can add blue to the shadows, and its complementary shade of orange to the highlights.
Tints, Tones, and Shades:
In most cases, it’s hard to replace the color within the photographs, but we can definitely change the tints, tones or shades to create the mood or increase the story factor within the photograph. One thing to note is that the mixing of two colors will produce a slightly darker, less saturated new color. Because of that, you may also want to increase the exposure to compensate.
In closing, color grading is one of the most important things that I do to my photos in post-processing. There are lots of ways to manipulate the colors of your images in Exposure. I suggest that every photographer learn about color theory and study a color wheel. And challenge yourself as an artist to try new processes and new workflows. I believe this self-enrichment practice will make you a better photographer.